Microwave plasma technology for sustainable energy production and the electromagnetic interaction within the plasma system: A review

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Zamri A.A.
Ong M.Y.
Nomanbhay S.
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Academic Press Inc.
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The composition of carbon dioxide (CO2) is increasing day by day in the Earth's atmosphere. Worldwide energy demand is now increasing, and this has led to an increase in the percentage of global carbon emission. Moreover, this phenomenon can occur from the careless use of heating systems, generators and especially transportation, therefore, the release of these gases will continue to be widespread if there is no solution. Interaction within the microwave plasma-based gasification system of synthetic natural gas (syngas) production is presented in this paper. Consequently, this reduces the high concentrations of methane and carbon dioxide emission in our atmosphere. Syngas is very useful products that can be used as a source of energy such as fuel production and fuel source. The overview and basic theory about gasification process and microwave plasma technology are provided. Modelling of the microwave plasma system particularly on its application of system electromagnetic field inside waveguide of plasma reactor to produce microwave plasma and how it was calculated are presented in this paper. To recapitulate, the global challenges on the rising of greenhouse gases volume can be regulated with microwave plasma technology and its important aspects have been underlined. � 2021 Elsevier Inc.
carbon dioxide; carbon monoxide; methane; natural gas; carbon dioxide; carbon dioxide; carbon emission; detection method; electromagnetic field; energy resource; greenhouse effect; greenhouse gas; heating; methane; natural gas; plasma; alternative energy; Article; atmospheric pressure; carbon footprint; electric field; electromagnetic radiation; electromagnetism; energy yield; gasification; greenhouse gas; human; plasma gas; priority journal; renewable energy; sustainable development; gas; microwave radiation; technology; Carbon Dioxide; Gases; Microwaves; Renewable Energy; Technology