Effect of process parameters on the photocatalytic degradation of phenol in oilfield produced wastewater using ZnO/Fe2O3 nanocomposites

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Haiqi O.A.
Nour A.H.
Bargaa R.
Ayodele B.V.
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Diponegoro University
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The upstream processing of crude oil is often associated with the presence of phenolic compounds when not properly treated could result in adverse effects on human health. The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of process parameters on the photocatalytic degradation of phenol. The ZnO/Fe2O3 nanocomposite photocatalyst was prepared by sol-gel method and characterized using vari-ous instrument techniques. The characterized ZnO/Fe2O3 nanocomposite displayed suitable physico-chemical properties for the photocatalytic reaction. The ZnO/Fe2O3 nanocomposite was employed for the phenol degradation in a cylindrical batch reactor under solar radiation. The photocatalytic runs show that calcination temperature of the ZnO/Fe2O3 nanocomposite, catalyst loading, initial phenol concentration and pH of the wastewater significantly influence the photocatalytic degradation of phe-nol. After 180 min of solar radiation, the highest phenol degradation of 92.7% was obtained using the ZnO/Fe2O3 photocatalyst calcined at 400 �C. This study has demonstrated that phenol degradation is significantly influenced by parameters such as calcination temperature of the ZnO/Fe2O3 nanocompo-site, catalyst loading, initial phenol concentration and pH of the wastewater resulting in highest phe-nol degradation using the ZnO/Fe2O3 nanocomposite calcined at 400 �C, initial phenol concentration of 0.5 mg/L, catalyst loading of 3 mg/L and pH of 3. Copyright � 2020 BCREC Group. All rights reserved.
Batch reactors; Calcination; Degradation; II-VI semiconductors; Nanocatalysts; Nanocomposites; Phenols; Photocatalysts; Photocatalytic activity; Sol-gel process; Sol-gels; Solar radiation; Wastewater; Zinc oxide; Calcination temperature; Catalyst loadings; Phenol concentration; Phenol degradation; Phenolic compounds; Photo catalytic degradation; Photocatalytic reactions; Process parameters; Biodegradation