Evaluation of the engine performance and exhaust emissions of biodiesel-bioethanol-diesel blends using kernel-based extreme learning machine

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Silitonga A.S.
Masjuki H.H.
Ong H.C.
Sebayang A.H.
Dharma S.
Kusumo F.
Siswantoro J.
Milano J.
Daud K.
Mahlia T.M.I.
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Elsevier Ltd
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It is known that biodiesel and bioethanol are viable alternative fuels to replace diesel for compression ignition engines. In this study, an experimental investigation is carried out to evaluate the performance and exhaust emissions of a single cylinder diesel engine fuelled with biodiesel-bioethanol-diesel blends. The engine performance parameters evaluated are the brake speci?c fuel consumption and brake thermal ef?ciency whereas the exhaust emission parameters evaluated are carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, and smoke opacity. Kernel-based extreme learning machine is used to predict the engine performance and exhaust emission parameters of the fuel blends at full throttle conditions. Based on the experimental results, the brake specific fuel consumption is lower while the brake thermal efficiency is higher for the biodiesel-bioethanol-diesel blends. The carbon monoxide emissions and smoke opacity are also lower for these fuel blends. The mean absolute percentage error of the brake specific fuel consumption, brake thermal efficiency, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, and smoke opacity is 1.363, 1.482, 4.597, 2.224, and 2.090%, respectively. Thus, it can be concluded that K-ELM is a reliable method to estimate the engine performance and exhaust emission parameters of a single cylinder compression ignition engine fuelled with biodiesel-bioethanol-diesel blends to reduce fuel consumption and exhaust emissions. � 2018 Elsevier Ltd
Air engines; Alternative fuels; Biodiesel; Bioethanol; Brakes; Carbon monoxide; Efficiency; Electron emission; Engine cylinders; Ethanol; Fuel consumption; Knowledge acquisition; Learning systems; Microemulsions; Nitrogen oxides; Opacity; Smoke; Bioethanol-diesel blends; Engine performance; Exhaust emission; Extreme learning machine; Property; Diesel engines; biofuel; carbon monoxide; compression; diesel engine; efficiency measurement; exhaust emission; experimental study; fuel consumption; machine learning; parameter estimation; performance assessment