Statistical model to determine surface roughness when milling hastelloy C-22HS

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Kadirgama K.
Abou-El-Hossein K.A.
Mohammad B.
Habeeb H.
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Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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The aim of this study is to develop the surface roughness prediction models, with the aid of statistical methods, for hastelloy C-22HS when machined by PVD and CVD coated carbide cutting tools under various cutting conditions. These prediction models were then compared with the results obtained experimentally. By using response surface method (RSM), first order models were developed with 95 % confidence level. The surface roughness models were developed in terms of cutting speed, feed rate and axial depth using RSM as a tool of design of experiment. In general, the results obtained from the mathematical models were in good agreement with those obtained from the machining experiments. It was found that the feed rate, cutting speed and axial depth played a major role in determining the surface roughness. On the other hand, the surface roughness increases with a reduction in cutting speed. PVD coated cutting tool performs better than CVD when machining hastelloy C-22HS. It was observed that most of the chips from the PVD cutting tool were in the form of discontinuous chip while CVD cutting tool produced continuous chips.
CVD , Milling , PVD , Response surface method , Surface roughness