Second generation bioethanol potential from selected Malaysia's biodiversity biomasses: A review

No Thumbnail Available
Aditiya H.B.
Chong W.T.
Mahlia T.M.I.
Sebayang A.H.
Berawi M.A.
Nur H.
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Elsevier Ltd
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
Rising global temperature, worsening air quality and drastic declining of fossil fuel reserve are the inevitable phenomena from the disorganized energy management. Bioethanol is believed to clear out the effects as being an energy-derivable product sourced from renewable organic sources. Second generation bioethanol interests many researches from its unique source of inedible biomass, and this paper presents the potential of several selected biomasses from Malaysia case. As one of countries with rich biodiversity, Malaysia holds enormous potential in second generation bioethanol production from its various agricultural and forestry biomasses, which are the source of lignocellulosic and starch compounds. This paper reviews potentials of biomasses and potential ethanol yield from oil palm, paddy (rice), pineapple, banana and durian, as the common agricultural waste in the country but uncommon to be served as bioethanol feedstock, by calculating the theoretical conversion of cellulose, hemicellulose and starch components of the biomasses into bioethanol. Moreover, the potential of the biomasses as feedstock are discussed based on several reported works. � 2015 Elsevier Ltd.
Agricultural wastes; Agriculture; Air quality; Biodiversity; Bioethanol; Cellulose; Ethanol; Feedstocks; Fruits; Palm oil; Proven reserves; Starch; Ethanol yield; Forestry biomass; Global temperatures; Oil palm; Oil palm biomass; Organic sources; Second generation bioethanol; Starch compounds; Biomass; bioethanol; biomaterial; feedstock; lignocellulose; starch; unclassified drug; alcohol; biofuel; cellulose; hemicellulose; polysaccharide; biofuel; biomass; fossil fuel; fruit; literature review; paddy field; agricultural waste; banana; biomass production; chemical composition; Elaeis; energy consumption; forestry; Malaysia; pineapple; priority journal; renewable energy; Review; rice; angiosperm; biomass; metabolism; Malaysia; Ananas comosus; Durio zibethinus; Elaeis; Angiosperms; Biofuels; Biomass; Cellulose; Ethanol; Malaysia; Polysaccharides; Starch