An Evaluation on Factors Influencing Decision making for Malaysia Disaster Management: The Confirmatory Factor Analysis Approach

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Zubir S.N.A.
Thiruchelvam S.
Mustapha K.N.M.
Muda Z.C.
Ghazali A.
Hakimie H.
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Institute of Physics Publishing
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For the past few years, natural disaster has been the subject of debate in disaster management especially in flood disaster. Each year, natural disaster results in significant loss of life, destruction of homes and public infrastructure, and economic hardship. Hence, an effective and efficient flood disaster management would assure non-futile efforts for life saving. The aim of this article is to examine the relationship between approach, decision maker, influence factor, result, and ethic to decision making for flood disaster management in Malaysia. The key elements of decision making in the disaster management were studied based on the literature. Questionnaire surveys were administered among lead agencies at East Coast of Malaysia in the state of Kelantan and Pahang. A total of 307 valid responses had been obtained for further analysis. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) were carried out to analyse the measurement model involved in the study. The CFA for second-order reflective and first-order reflective measurement model indicates that approach, decision maker, influence factor, result, and ethic have a significant and direct effect on decision making during disaster. The results from this study showed that decision- making during disaster is an important element for disaster management to necessitate a successful collaborative decision making. The measurement model is accepted to proceed with further analysis known as Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) and can be assessed for the future research. � Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.
Disaster prevention; Disasters; Factor analysis; Floods; Multivariant analysis; Surveys; Collaborative decision making; Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA); Confirmatory factor analysis; Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA); Flood disaster management; Public infrastructures; Questionnaire surveys; Structural equation modeling; Decision making