Artificial Intelligent Based Damping Controller Optimization for the Multi-Machine Power System: A Review

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Hannan M.A.
Islam N.N.
Mohamed A.
Lipu M.S.H.
Ker P.J.
Rashid M.M.
Shareef H.
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Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
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Power system oscillation is a major threat to the stability of an interconnected power system. The safe operation of a modern power system is largely related to the success of oscillation damping. However, damping controller development is a constraint-based multimodal optimization problem, which is relatively difficult to resolve utilizing conventional optimization algorithms. This paper presents a critical examination of different damping schemes and a stability analysis of a damping controller to solve these existing problems and enhance the performance of a multi-machine power system. This paper also describes different approaches used to derive the objective function formulation. Consequently, a comprehensive review of the optimized objective functions and techniques is explained on the basis of their topologies, types, execution times, control difficulties, efficiencies, advantages, and disadvantages to develop intelligent damping controllers for the systems. Furthermore, the optimization strategies for the damping controller are reviewed along with the benefits and limitations, current issues and challenges, and recommendations. All the highlighted insights of this paper will hopefully lead to increasing efforts toward the development of an advanced optimized damping controller for future high-tech multi-machine power systems. � 2013 IEEE.
Controllers; Damping; Electric power systems; Flexible AC transmission systems; Linear programming; Optimization; Oscillators (electronic); Rotors; System stability; Damping controllers; Flexible alternating current transmission systems; Objective functions; oscillations; Power system stability; Power system stabilizer (PSS); Stability analysis; Electric power system control