Development of Flood Forecasting Using Statistical Method in Four River Basins in Terengganu, Malaysia

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Noor M.S.F.M.
Sidek L.M.
Basri H.
Husni M.M.M.
Jaafar A.S.
Kamaluddin M.H.
Majid W.H.A.W.A.
Mohammad A.H.
Osman S.
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Institute of Physics Publishing
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One of the critical regions in Malaysia is Terengganu which is located at east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. In Terengganu, flood is experienced regularly because of attributed topography and climate including northeast monsoon. Moreover, rainfall is with high intensity during the November to February in Terengganu as forcing factor to produce of flood. In this study, main objectives are water stage forecasting and deriving the related equations based on least squared method. For this study, it is used two methods which called inclusion of residual (Method A) and non-inclusion residual (Method B) respectively. Result depicts that Method B outperformed to forecast the water stage at selected case studies (Besut, Dungun, Kemaman, Terengganu).
Flood control; Forecasting; Case-studies; Critical region; East coast; Flood forecasting; High intensity; Malaysia; Northeast monsoon; River basins; Floods; climate forcing; flood forecasting; monsoon; precipitation intensity; river basin; statistical application; topography; water level; Malaysia; Terengganu; West Malaysia