Energy management system of microgrid: Control schemes, pricing techniques, and future horizons

No Thumbnail Available
Touma H.J.
Mansor M.
Rahman M.S.A.
Kumaran V.
Mokhlis H.B.
Ying Y.J.
Hannan M.A.
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
The tremendous engagement of electric energy consumers and the advent of smart grids have left more complexity and challenges in terms of energy management system. Recently, microgrid is a preferable choice to cope with these challenges as small-scale power system and so close to consumers. However, there is a crucial need to find more compatible solutions to achieve economic, environmental, and reliable objectives of energy management system, since most current solutions are based on optimal scheduling of generating units at the supply side. Demand side management develops more opportunities to achieve these objectives by efficiency programs and demand response programs (pricing techniques). Therefore, this article reviews and assesses demand side management, particularly pricing techniques, in the light of energy management system as a part of control system of microgrid. Furthermore, the aspects of control schemes are discussed including centralized and distributed controls. Finally, this article identifies a number of shortcomings in the current research that concern demand side management and highlights future horizons of research. � 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Costs; Demand side management; Distributed parameter control systems; Electric power transmission networks; Energy management; Microgrids; Scheduling; Small power plants; Smart power grids; Compatible solutions; Control schemes; Demand response programs; Distributed control; Electric energies; Future Horizons; Generating unit; Optimal scheduling; Energy management systems