Sustainable Development Perspectives of Solar Energy Technologies with Focus on Solar Photovoltaic�A Review

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Izam N.S.M.N.
Itam Z.
Sing W.L.
Syamsir A.
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This study examines the sources of energy related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, the hazards of climate change and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the global solar energy potential, renewable energy sustainability indicators, impediments, and the environmental implications of fossil fuels. The purpose of this study is to investigate viewpoints on solar energy technologies for sustainable development, with a particular emphasis on photovoltaic (PV), as well as the literature on solar energy technology performance, in order to ascertain worldwide solar energy adoption trends. The discussions address the solar industry�s fundamental ideas, the global energy scenario, the highlights of research conducted to improve the solar industry, prospective applications and future challenges for a more efficient solar industry that may help alleviate the energy crisis. A review of the framework and development of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) and Renewable Energy Laws (REL) on a global scale was conducted. � 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Carbon dioxide; Climate change; Energy policy; Environmental protection; Fossil fuels; Gas emissions; Greenhouse gases; Planning; Solar concentrators; Solar energy; Solar power generation; Sustainable development; Energy sustainability; Green buildings; Greenhouse gas emissions; Renewable energies; Solar energy potential; Solar energy technologies; Solar industries; Solar photovoltaics; Sources of energy; Sustainable development; Energy efficiency