Heat Transfer in a Loop Heat Pipe Using Fe2NiO4-H2O Nanofluid

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Gunnasegaran P.
Abdullah M.Z.
Yusoff M.Z.
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EDP Sciences
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Nanofluids are stable suspensions of nano fibers and particles in fluids. Recent investigations show that thermal behavior of these fluids, such as improved thermal conductivity and convection coefficients are superior to those of pure fluid or fluid suspension containing larger size particles. The use of enhanced thermal properties of nanofluids in a loop heat pipe (LHP) for the cooling of computer microchips is the main aim of this study. Thus, the Fe2NiO4-H2O served as the working fluid with nanoparticle mass concentrations ranged from 0 to 3 % in LHP for the heat input range from 20W to 60W was employed. Experimental apparatus and procedures were designed and implemented for measurements of the surface temperature of LHP. Then, a commercial liquid cooling kit of LHP system similar as used in experimental study was installed in real desktop PC CPU cooling system. The test results of the proposed system indicate that the average decrease of 5.75oC (14%) was achieved in core temperatures of desktop PC CPU charged with Fe2NiO4-H2O as compared with pure water under the same operating conditions. The results from this study should find it's used in many industrial processes in which the knowledge on the heat transfer behavior in nanofluids charged LHP is of uttermost importance. � 2017 The Authors, published by EDP Sciences.
Cooling; Heat pipes; Heat transfer; Nanotechnology; Suspensions (fluids); Thermal conductivity; Convection coefficients; Experimental apparatus; Heat transfer behavior; Industrial processs; Mass concentration; Operating condition; Stable suspensions; Surface temperatures; Nanofluidics